• February 2nd, 2014

chains

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Study Guide

Week 5, February 2, Parables Series

The Parable of the Unmerciful Servant (Matthew 18:21-35)

The previous parables have concentrated mostly on the kingdom of heaven itself, along with a description of those who will be found in the kingdom — both good and bad. However, the next parable focuses more on the specific character of those who will make up the kingdom — those who display mercy and forgiveness.

Questions to Consider:

1. What prompted this parable (Matthew 18:21)?

2. Describe the events in this parable.

3. Read the following verses, and explain why Peter believed he only needed to forgive a brother who had sinned against him up to seven times in a day (Amos 1:3, 6, 9, 11, 13; 2:1, 4, 6).

4. Explain Jesus’ response (Matthew 18:22).

5. Some commentators believe the talent mentioned in this parable may have been equivalent to six thousand denarii. It is also said that one denarius was the equivalent of a days wage for the average working man. Based on this information, calculate and answer the following questions.

a. The first debtor owed the king ten thousand talents. How many days wages (or how many denarii) would be required to pay this debt? How many years? What does this tell you about this man’s debt?

b. The second debtor owed the first debtor one hundred denarii. How many days wages would be required to pay this debt? What does this tell you about this man’s debt?

6. What did the first debtor ask for, what did the king do, and why did he do it?

7. What did the second debtor ask for, what did the first debtor do, and why did he do it?

8. What was the king’s reaction, and what was the first debtor’s punishment?

9. Which of the two debtors best represent us when it comes to our sins against God?

10. Which of the two debtors best represent those who sin against us?

11. How do we develop a forgiving spirit (See: Ephesians 4:32; Colossians 3:13)?

12. Is it possible for us to put an offense out of our mind (See: Philippians 3:13; 2 Timothy 4:16.

Genesis 41:51);

13. Read Matthew 6:14-15. What did Jesus teach about forgiveness here?

Application:

What personal applications can we make from this parable?